Qalqalah [Vibration]

 

 

Qalqalah [Vibration] literally means: unrest. Technically, it means: the vibration of the non-vowelled sound letter until a strong trembling sound is heard whether the absence of vowel (sukoon) is original or exposed (Aarid).
The Qalqalah Letters are five. They are grouped together in the phrase

 

( جد قطب ), ق ط ب ج د

(Qutb Jad), daal geem baa taa, qaaf:

It is required that the Qalqalah letters be with original or unoriginal sukoon (absence of a vowel) as a result of making a pause at a qalqalah letter.

 

 

The lesser degree

The lesser degree of Qalqalah [sughra] is when it occurs in the middle of a word.

 

Example:

 

Surah Al-Adiyat - 100

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِِ

وَالْعَادِيَاتِ ضَبْحًا

 

فَالْمُورِيَاتِ قَدْحًا

 

فَالْمُغِيرَاتِ صُبْحًا

 

فَأَثَرْنَ بِهِ نَقْعًا

 

فَأَثَرْنَ بِهِ نَقْعًا

 

فَوَسَطْنَ بِهِ جَمْعًا

 

 

 

Surah An-Nasr 110

 

إِذَا جَاء نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ

وَرَأَيْتَ النَّاسَ يَدْخُلُونَ فِي دِينِ اللَّهِ أَفْوَاجًا

 

 

 

 

 

The moderate degree

The moderate degree of Qalqalah [mutawasita] is when a stop is made on a letter which is not doubled (without shaddah)

 

Example:

 

Surah Alikhlaas 112

 

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِِ

قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ

اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ

لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ

وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ

 

 

Surah Al-Falaq - 113

 

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِِ

قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ

مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ

وَمِن شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ

وَمِن شَرِّ النَّفَّاثَاتِ فِي الْعُقَدِ

وَمِن شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ

 

 

The greater degree

The greater degree of Qalqalah [kubra] is when a stop is made on a doubled letter of qalqalah.

 

Example: the Qaaf in

 

 

Surah Al-Masad -111

 

تَبَّتْ يَدَا أَبِي لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ